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L. G. Kieush, A. S. Koveria
«Analysis and Evaluation of the Nanomaterials’ Impact on the Environment»
141–156 (2020)

PACS numbers: 81.05.ub, 89.30.A-, 89.60.-k, 92.40.kc, 92.40.qc, 92.60.Sz, 92.60.Zc

The analysis of the development of nanomaterial production in the world allows revealing nanotechnology as a sphere of the global economy, which continues to develop rapidly. Analysis and assessment of the main risks associated with the production and application of nanomaterials, in particular studies of the behaviour, toxicity and the impact of nanomaterials on the environment are carried out. Due to the ever-increasing volume of production and application of nanomaterials, the ways’ systematization of their entry into the environment is conducted. The scheme of nanomaterials’ impact on the environment is developed. Additionally, the scheme of behaviour of nanomaterials on water, soil and air is presented. Environmental aspects of nanomaterials’ obtaining and usage in certain spheres of human activity are considered. The sectors of the oil and gas industry, which apply nanomaterials, are systematized. In conclusion, the bio-utilization of nanoparticles by microorganisms and plants can be effective for purifying the environment, protecting living organisms and decontamination of nanowires. The main of the nanomaterials’ distribution in the environment is highlighted. The interdisciplinary results are obtained and can be the basis for further research on determining the impact of nanomaterials on the environment and human health. The implementation of the results can increase the level of handling of nanomaterials, which is an integral part of the development of the nanoindustry in Ukraine and the movement to the world community in one of the most powerful spheres of the rapidly evolving economy.

Keywords: environment, nanomaterials, fullerenes, nanotubes, nanoparticles, life cycle, emissions

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