PACS numbers

03. Quantum mechanics, field theories, and special relativity
03.67.-a Quantum information
03.67.Ac Quantum algorithms, protocols, and simulations
03.67.Bg Entanglement production and manipulation
03.67.Dd Quantum cryptography and communication security
03.67.Hk Quantum communication
03.67.Lx Quantum computation architectures and implementations
03.67.Mn Entanglement measures, witnesses, and other characterizations
03.67.Pp Quantum error correction and other methods for protection against decoherence
07. Instruments, apparatus, and components common to several branches of physics and astronomy
07.10.-h Mechanical instruments and equipment
07.10.Cm Micromechanical devices and systems
07.79.-v Scanning probe microscopes and components
07.79.Cz Scanning tunneling microscopes
07.79.Fc Near-field scanning optical microscopes
07.79.Lh Atomic force microscopes
07.79.Pk Magnetic force microscopes
07.79.Sp Friction force microscopes
37. Mechanical control of atoms, molecules, and ions
37.25.+k Atom interferometry techniques
42. Optics
42.50.-p Quantum optics
42.50.Ex Optical implementations of quantum information processing and transfer
42.50.Wk Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles
42.70.-a Optical materials
42.70.Qs Photonic bandgap materials
47. Fluid dynamics
47.61.-k Micro- and nanoscale flow phenomena
47.61.Cb Non-continuum effects
47.61.Fg Flows in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS)
47.61.Jd Multiphase flows
47.61.Ne Micromixing
61. Structure of solids and liquids; crystallography
61.46.-w Structure of nanoscale materials
61.46.Bc Structure of clusters (e.g., metcars; not fragments of crystals; free or loosely aggregated or loosely attached to a substrate)
61.46.Df Structure of nanocrystals and nanoparticles ("colloidal" quantum dots but not gate-isolated embedded quantum dots)
61.46.Fg Nanotubes
61.46.Hk Nanocrystals
61.46.Km Structure of nanowires and nanorods (long, free or loosely attached, quantum wires and quantum rods, but not gate-isolated embedded quantum wires)
61.46.Np Structure of nanotubes (hollow nanowires)
61.48.-c Structure of fullerenes and related hollow and planar molecular structures
61.48.De Structure of carbon nanotubes, boron nanotubes, and other related systems
61.48.Gh Structure of graphene
61.80.-x Physical radiation effects, radiation damage
61.80.Az Theory and models of radiation effects
61.82.-d Radiation effects on specific materials
61.82.Rx Nanocrystalline materials
62. Mechanical and acoustical properties of condensed matter
62.23.-c Structural classes of nanoscale systems
62.23.Eg Nanodots
62.23.Hj Nanowires
62.23.Kn Nanosheets
62.23.Pq Composites (nanosystems embedded in a larger structure)
62.23.St Complex nanostructures, including patterned or assembled structures
62.25.-g Mechanical properties of nanoscale systems
62.25.De Low-frequency properties: response coefficients
62.25.Fg High-frequency properties, responses to resonant or transient (time-dependent) fields
62.25.Jk Mechanical modes of vibration
62.25.Mn Fracture/brittleness
63. Lattice dynamics
63.22.-m Phonons or vibrational states in low-dimensional structures and nanoscale materials
63.22.Dc Free films
63.22.Gh Nanotubes and nanowires
63.22.Kn Clusters and nanocrystals
63.22.Np Layered systems
63.22.Rc Phonons in graphene
64. Equations of state, phase equilibria, and phase transitions
64.70.-p Specific phase transitions
64.70.Nd Structural transitions in nanoscale materials
64.75.-g Phase equilibria
64.75.Jk Phase separation and segregation in nanoscale systems
65. Thermal properties of condensed matter
65.80.-g Thermal properties of small particles, nanocrystals, nanotubes, and other related systems
65.80.Ck Thermal properties of graphene
66. Nonelectronic transport properties of condensed matter
66.30.-h Diffusion in solids
66.30.Pa Diffusion in nanoscale solids
68. Surfaces and interfaces; thin films and nanosystems (structure and nonelectronic properties)
68.35.-p Solid surfaces and solid-solid interfaces: structure and energetics
68.35.B- Structure of clean surfaces (and surface reconstruction)
68.35.bp Fullerenes
68.37.-d Microscopy of surfaces, interfaces, and thin films
68.37.Ef Scanning tunneling microscopy (including chemistry induced with STM)
68.37.Hk Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (including EBIC)
68.37.Lp Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
68.37.Ma Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)
68.37.Nq Low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM)
68.37.Og High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM)
68.37.Ps Atomic force microscopy (AFM)
68.37.Rt Magnetic force microscopy (MFM)
68.37.Tj Acoustic force microscopy
68.37.Uv Near-field scanning microscopy and spectroscopy
68.37.Vj Field emission and field-ion microscopy
68.37.Xy Scanning Auger microscopy, photoelectron microscopy
68.37.Yz X-ray microscopy
68.55.-a Thin film structure and morphology
68.55.A- Nucleation and growth
68.55.ap Fullerenes
68.65.-k Low-dimensional, mesoscopic, nanoscale and other related systems: structure and nonelectronic properties
68.65.Fg Quantum wells
68.65.Hb Quantum dots (patterned in quantum wells)
68.65.La Quantum wires (patterned in quantum wells)
68.65.Pq Graphene films
68.70.+w Whiskers and dendrites (growth, structure, and nonelectronic properties)
71. Electronic structure of bulk materials
71.20.-b Electron density of states and band structure of crystalline solids
71.20.Tx Fullerenes and related materials; intercalation compounds
72. Electronic transport in condensed matter
72.25.-b Spin polarized transport
72.25.Ba Spin polarized transport in metals
72.25.Dc Spin polarized transport in semiconductors
72.25.Fe Optical creation of spin polarized carriers
72.25.Hg Electrical injection of spin polarized carriers
72.25.Mk Spin transport through interfaces
72.25.Pn Current-driven spin pumping
72.25.Rb Spin relaxation and scattering
72.80.-r Conductivity of specific materials
72.80.Rj Fullerenes and related materials
72.80.Vp Electronic transport in graphene
73. Electronic structure and electrical properties of surfaces, interfaces, thin films, and low-dimensional structures
73.21.-b Electron states and collective excitations in multilayers, quantum wells, mesoscopic, and nanoscale systems
73.21.Fg Quantum wells
73.21.Hb Quantum wires
73.21.La Quantum dots
73.22.-f Electronic structure of nanoscale materials: clusters, nanoparticles, nanotubes, and nanocrystals
73.22.-f Electronic structure of nanoscale materials and related systems
73.22.Dj Single particle states
73.22.Gk Broken symmetry phases
73.22.Lp Collective excitations
73.22.Pr Electronic structure of graphene
73.61.-r Electrical properties of specific thin films
73.61.Wp Fullerenes and related materials
73.63.-b Electronic transport in nanoscale materials and structures
73.63.Bd Nanocrystalline materials
73.63.Fg Nanotubes
73.63.Hs Quantum wells
73.63.Kv Quantum dots
73.63.Nm Quantum wires
73.63.Rt Nanoscale contacts
74. Superconductivity
74.70.-b Superconducting materials other than cuprates
74.70.Wz Fullerenes and related materials
74.70.Wz Carbon-based superconductors
74.78.-w Superconducting films and low-dimensional structures
74.78.Na Mesoscopic and nanoscale systems
75. Magnetic properties and materials
75.50.-y Studies of specific magnetic materials
75.50.Tt Fine-particle systems; nanocrystalline materials
75.50.Xx Molecular magnets
75.75.-c Magnetic properties of nanostructures
75.75.Cd Fabrication of magnetic nanostructures
75.75.Fk Domain structures in nanoparticles
75.75.Jn Dynamics of magnetic nanoparticles
75.75.Lf Electronic structure of magnetic nanoparticles
78. Optical properties, condensed-matter spectroscopy and other interactions of radiation and particles with condensed matter
78.30.-j Infrared and Raman spectra
78.30.Na Fullerenes and related materials
78.40.-q Absorption and reflection spectra: visible and ultraviolet
78.40.Ri Fullerenes and related materials
78.66.-w Optical properties of specific thin films
78.66.Tr Fullerenes and related materials
78.67.-n Optical properties of low-dimensional, mesoscopic, and nanoscale materials and structures
78.67.Bf Nanocrystals, nanoparticles, and nanoclusters
78.67.Ch Nanotubes
78.67.De Quantum wells
78.67.Hc Quantum dots
78.67.Lt Quantum wires
78.67.Pt Multilayers; superlattices; photonic structures; metamaterials
78.67.Qa Nanorods
78.67.Rb Nanoporous materials
78.67.Sc Nanoaggregates; nanocomposites
78.67.Tf Nanodroplets
78.67.Uh Nanowires
78.67.Ve Nanomicelles
78.67.Wj Optical properties of graphene
79. Electron and ion emission by liquids and solids; impact phenomena
79.60.-i Photoemission and photoelectron spectra
79.60.Jv Interfaces; heterostructures; nanostructures
81. Materials science
81.05.-t Specific materials: fabrication, treatment, testing, and analysis
81.05.U- Carbon/carbon-based materials
81.05.ub Fullerenes and related materials
81.05.ue Graphene
81.05.uj Diamond/nanocarbon composites
81.07.-b Nanoscale materials and structures: fabrication and characterization
81.07.Bc Nanocrystalline materials
81.07.De Nanotubes
81.07.Gf Nanowires
81.07.Lk Nanocontacts
81.07.Nb Molecular nanostructures
81.07.Oj Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS)
81.07.Pr Organic-inorganic hybrid nanostructures
81.07.St Quantum wells
81.07.Ta Quantum dots
81.07.Vb Quantum wires
81.07.Wx Nanopowders
81.16.-c Methods of micro- and nanofabrication and processing
81.16.Be Chemical synthesis methods
81.16.Dn Self-assembly
81.16.Fg Supramolecular and biochemical assembly
81.16.Hc Catalytic methods
81.16.Mk Laser-assisted deposition
81.16.Nd Micro- and nanolithography
81.16.Pr Micro- and nanooxidation
81.16.Rf Micro- and nanoscale pattern formation
81.16.Ta Atom manipulation
82. Physical chemistry and chemical physics
82.35.-x Polymers: properties; reactions; polymerization
82.35.Np Nanoparticles in polymers
82.37.-j Single molecule kinetics
82.37.Gk STM and AFM manipulations of a single molecule
82.37.Rs Single molecule manipulation of proteins and other biological molecules
82.45.-h Electrochemistry and electrophoresis
82.45.Yz Nanostructured materials in electrochemistry
82.60.-s Chemical thermodynamics
82.60.Qr Thermodynamics of nanoparticles
82.70.-y Disperse systems; complex fluids
82.70.Dd Colloids
85. Electronic and magnetic devices; microelectronics
85.35.-p Nanoelectronic devices
85.35.Be Quantum well devices (quantum dots, quantum wires, etc.)
85.35.Ds Quantum interference devices
85.35.Gv Single electron devices
85.35.Kt Nanotube devices
85.65.+h Molecular electronic devices
85.75.-d Magnetoelectronics; spintronics: devices exploiting spin polarized transport or integrated magnetic fields
85.75.Bb Magnetic memory using giant magnetoresistance
85.75.Dd Magnetic memory using magnetic tunnel junctions
85.75.Ff Reprogrammable magnetic logic
85.75.Hh Spin polarized field effect transistors
85.75.Mm Spin polarized resonant tunnel junctions
85.75.Nn Hybrid Hall devices
85.75.Ss Magnetic field sensors using spin polarized transport
85.85.+j Micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) and devices
87. Biological and medical physics
87.64.-t Spectroscopic and microscopic techniques in biophysics and medical physics
87.64.Dz Scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy
87.64.Ee Electron microscopy
87.80.-y Biophysical techniques (research methods)
87.80.Ek Mechanical and micromechanical techniques
87.80.Fe Micromanipulation of biological structures
87.80.Nj Single-molecule techniques
87.85.-d Biomedical engineering
87.85.D- Applied neuroscience
87.85.dh Cells on a chip
87.85.J- Biomaterials
87.85.jf Bio-based materials
87.85.Ox Biomedical instrumentation and transducers, including microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
87.85.Qr Nanotechnologies-design
87.85.Rs Nanotechnologies-applications
87.85.Uv Micromanipulators
87.85.Va Micromachining
88. Renewable energy resources and applications
88.30.R- Hydrogen storage
88.30.rh Carbon nanotubes

Тематический указатель PACS был разработан Американским институтом физики и используется для классификации областей физики и астрономии.

Creative Commons License
This site and its metadata are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
© 2003 NANOSISTEMI, NANOMATERIALI, NANOTEHNOLOGII, G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. All rights reserved
E-mail: Phones and address of the editorial office About the collection User agreement