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M. Ye. Kornienko, A. P. Naumenko, L. M. Kulikov
«Observation of Diamond- and Graphite-Like Nanostructures in the Raman Spectra of MoS\(_2\)–C Nanoheterostructures»
015–040 (2020)

PACS numbers: 61.46.Hk, 63.22.Np, 68.65.Ac, 78.30.-j, 81.05.U-, 82.80.Gk

A comparative study of the Raman spectra is carried out upon the excitation by laser radiation with \(\lambda_L\)=488 nm and 632.8 nm of micron particles of the natural layered molybdenum disulphide 2H-MoS\(_2\) and new nanoheterostructures (NHS) MoS\(_2\)–C obtained by the modified method of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) in the form of graphene-like MoS\(_2\) nanoparticles containing 0.5 and 1.0 wt.% of carbon. The existence of carbon impurities in micron particles of the natural MoS\(_2\) is shown, and this is manifested in the existence in their Raman spectra characteristic vibrational bands of the graphite-like and diamond-like structures. A detailed numerical analysis of the shape of the observed Raman bands, D and G, of the MoS\(_2\)–C NHSs, including their decomposition into spectral components, as well as a comparison with the reference spectra of detonation nanodiamonds (~ 5 nm) and disordered graphite, reveal the presence of vibrational bands of graphite-like (1335–1680 \(cm^{-1}\)) and diamond-like (1180–1319 \(cm^{-1}\)) structures. The complication of the spectra of these structures with the appearance of additional spectral components at ~1480 \(cm^{-1}\) and 1240–1260 \(cm^{-1}\) because of the doubling of the MoS\(_2\) unit cell sizes is analysed. All observed spectral components of the MoS\(_2\) and carbon nanostructures are identified. To reliably separate the close vibrational bands of graphite-like structures, G(k), at the boundaries of the Brillouin zone (BZ) and diamond-like structures, D, a new methodology is used; when the sizes are decreased and there is disordering of the diamond and graphite-like structures, the Raman shifts of D-bands decrease, but the Raman shifts of G(k)-bands increase. As shown, the Raman shifts of 1301–1309 \(cm^{-1}\) D-bands of diamond-like nanostructures are independent on \(\lambda_L\), in contrast to the Raman shift dispersion for G(k)-bands. For the first time, a significant influence of resonance radiation of 632.8 nm on the structure and properties of the studied MoS\(_2\)–C NHSs is established. This is manifested in the ordering of the diamond-like and graphite-like structures and strong changes in the intensity of fundamental vibrational bands \(\nu_1\) and \(\nu_3\) of MoS\(_2\), observation of lines of acoustic vibrations and anomalous amplification of overtone bands and total tones as well as a strong increase in broadband background. Strengthening of the D-bands of the diamond-like structure and the ordering of the graphite structure with increasing carbon content in MoS\(_2\)–C NHSs are established.

Keywords: nanoheterostructures, molybdenum disulphide, carbon, Raman spectra, D- and G-bands, vibrational band structure, diamond-like and graphite-like nanostructures

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