vol. 16 / 

Issue 3


Download the full version of the article (in PDF format)

N. A. Gurbanov, I. I. Abbasov, K. H. Ismayilova, and N. A. Hasanova
«Production of Polypropylene Matrix Polymer Composites with Hazelnut Shell Fillings, Physical and Mechanical Properties»
559–565 (2018)

PACS numbers: 61.41.+e, 62.23.Pq, 81.05.Qk, 81.70.Bt, 82.35.Np, 83.80.Mc, 83.80.Wx

Natural fibres have been commonly utilized to reinforced materials for many years. Recently due to advantages of natural fibres such as low cost, high physical and mechanical resistance, plastic-composite materials are produced by mixing various proportions. In addition, in plastic composites, natural fibres including agricultural wastes (wheat straw, rice straw, hemp fibre, shells of various dry fruits, etc.) are used. In this study, polymer composites are manufactured using waste nutshell flour as filler and polypropylene (PP) as polymer matrix. The nutshellPP composites are manufactured via extrusion and compression methods. The final products are tested to determine their tensile, flexural, impact strength properties as well as some physical features such as thickness swelling and water absorptions. The best results are demonstrated by obtained composites containing 30% nutshell flour. In addition, composites, which are produced with nutshell, provide the values of ASTM D6662 standard. The data collected in our country, which wastes a large portion of nutshell, allow for the evaluation of the production of polymer composites. The incorporation of nutshell flour feasible to produce plastic composites when appropriate formulations are used. As a result, hazelnut shell, which is considered as agricultural waste, can be utilized in polymer composite production.

Keywords: polymer composites, nutshell, physical and mechanical properties

1. ASTM D 1037 (1996), Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials, ASTM International (West Conshohocken, PA: 2006).
2. ASTM D 6662 (2001), Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards, ASTM International (West Conshohocken, PA: 2001).
3. ASTM D 256 (2002), Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics, ASTM International (West Conshohocken, PA: 2002).
4. ASTM D 638 (2004), Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics, ASTM International (West Conshohocken, PA: 2004).
5. ASTM D 790 (2004), Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials, ASTM International (West Conshohocken, Philadelphia, PA: 2004).
5. P. A. Cooper and J. J. Balatinecz, Agricultural Waste Materials for Composites, Centre for Management Technology Global Panel Based Conference (October 18-19, 1999, Kuala Lumpur, ML).
6. EN 317 (1993), Particleboards and Fiberboards, Determination of Swelling in Thickness after Immersion in Water, CEN (Brussels, Belgium: 1993).
7. M. K. Hill, Understanding Environmental Pollution. 3rd Edition (New York: Cambridge University Press: 2010).
8. T. Korucu and F. Mengelo lu, Potentials of Agricultural Residues as Raw Materials and Their Alternative Usage Possibilities in Turkey. 24th National Agricultural Mechanization Congress (Kahramanmaras: 2007), p. 297.
9. R. Kurt, A. Karademir, N. S. etin, and N. zmen, Potential Utilization of Wood Residue in Turkey. First International Ukrainian Conference on Biomass (Kiev, Ukraine: 2002).
10. L. M. Matuana and P. A. Heiden, Wood Composites, Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology (2004), vol. 12, p. 521.
11. F. Mengelo lu and M. H. Alma, KS Fen ve M hendislik Dergisi, 5, No. 2: 37 (2002).
12. F. Mengelo lu and M. H. Alma, and N. S. etin, Gazi niversitesi Orman Fak ltesi Dergisi, 2, No. 2: 57 (2002).
13. R. M. Rowell, International Conference on Science and Technology of Composite Materials (2001), p. 29.
14. J. Simonsen, The Mechanical Properties of Wood Fiber Plastic Composites: Theoretical vs. Experimental. Proceedings of Wood Fiber Plastic Composites (Forest Products Society Proceedings: 1995), No. 7293, p. 47.
Creative Commons License
This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
©2003—2021 NANOSISTEMI, NANOMATERIALI, NANOTEHNOLOGII G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

E-mail: Phones and address of the editorial office About the collection User agreement